Vienna was racked by a bourgeois revolution on February 24, 1848, and the intense rivalry between father and son became much more apparent. decided to side with the revolutionaries, as evidenced in the title of his works dating around this period, such as the waltzes 'Freiheitslieder' (Songs of Freedom) op. The elder Strauss remained loyal to the Danube monarchy, and composed his , such as the 'Kaiser Franz-Josef Marsch' op.
67 and the 'Kaiser Franz Josef Rettungs Jubel-Marsch' op.
126, probably to ingratiate himself in the eyes of the new monarch, who ascended to the Austrian throne after the 1848 revolution. would eventually surpass his father's fame, and become one of the most popular of waltz composers of the era, extensively touring with his orchestra.
Johann Strauss II (also known as Johann Strauss the Younger, Johann Strauss Jr., or Johann Sebastian Strauss) (October 25, 1825 – June 3, 1899) was an Austrian composer famous for having written over 500 cite web |url=
q=johann+strauss+ii&search=quick&pos=1&_start=1#firsthit |title=Johann Strauss II |accessdate=2008-09-28 |work= |publisher=Grove Music Online |date= It seems that rather than trying to avoid a Strauss rivalry, the elder Strauss only wanted his son to escape the rigors of a musician's life.
It was only when his father left the family and took a mistress, Emilie Trampusch, when the son was 17, that he was able to concentrate fully on a career as a composer with the support of his mother.
Strauss II studied , who taught him exercises in harmony.
q=johann+strauss+ii&search=quick&pos=1&_start=1#firsthit |title=Strauss: Johann Strauss II |accessdate=2008-09-28|publisher=Grove Music Online] and applied for the KK Hofballmusikdirektor "Music Director of the Royal Court Balls" position, which he eventually attained in 1863, after being denied several times before for his frequent brush with the local authorities.
His involvement with the Court Balls meant that his work has been elevated to be heard by the royalty.
His second wife, Angelika Dittrich (an actress), whom he married in 1878, was not a fervent supporter of his music, and their differences in age and opinion, especially her indiscretion, led him to seek a Strauss II sought solace in his third wife Adele (whom he married on in August 1882), and she encouraged the creative talent to flow once more in his later years, resulting in much fine music such as those found in the ] ] Family musical business After establishing his first orchestra prior to his father's death, Strauss founded many others to be supplied to various entertainment establishments such as the 'Sperl' ballroom, as well as the 'Apollo', where he dedicated appropriately titled pieces to commemorate the first performances there.
His other violin teacher, Anton Kollmann, who was the ballet répétiteur of the Vienna Court Opera, also wrote excellent testimonials for him.
Armed with these, on the very same day his mother filed a divorce from her husband, he approached the Viennese authorities to apply for a license to perform.] As a result, the local press was soon frantically reporting a 'Strauss v. The elder Strauss, in anger at his son's disobedience, and at that of the proprietor, refused to ever play at the Dommayer's Casino again, which had been the site of many of his earlier triumphs. It proved to be a decision which was professionally disadvantageous, as the Austrian royalty twice denied him the much coveted 'KK Hofballmusikdirektor' position, which was first designated especially for Johann I in recognition of his musical contributions.
Strauss II found the early years difficult, but he soon won over music-loving audiences after accepting commissions to perform away from home. Further, the younger Strauss was also arrested by the Viennese authorities for publicly playing the infectious ] Shortly after that, he composed the 'Geißelhiebe Polka', op.
The first major appointment for the young composer was his award of the honorary position of "Kapellmeister of the 2nd Vienna Citizen's Regiment", which had been left vacant following 's death two years before. 60, which contains elements of 'La Marseillaise' in its 'Trio' section as a musical riposte to his arrest.