The nation's fifth-largest bank, eight Fortune 500 companies, and six of the top 300 US law firms make their global headquarters in the Pittsburgh area, while RAND, BNY Mellon, Nova, Fed Ex, Bayer and NIOSH have regional bases that helped Pittsburgh become the sixth-best area for U. As Forbes was a Scotsman, historians speculate that the pronunciation of the name was originally intended to be "Be it enacted by the Pennsylvania State Senate and Pennsylvania House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania..the authority of the same, that the said town of Pittsburgh shall be...erected into a borough, which shall be called the borough of Pittsburgh for ever." European pioneers, primarily Dutch, followed in the early 18th century.Michael Bezallion was the first to describe the forks of the Ohio in a 1717 manuscript, and later that year European fur traders established area posts and settlements.
) (Traditional abbreviation, Pgh.) is the second-largest city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania (only Philadelphia is larger) and the county seat of Allegheny County.
The Combined Statistical Area (CSA) population of 2,659,937 is the largest in both the Ohio Valley and Appalachia and the 20th-largest in the U. Located at the confluence of the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers, which form the Ohio River, Pittsburgh is known as both "the Steel City" for its more than 300 steel-related businesses, and as the "City of Bridges" for its 446 bridges.
The city features 30 skyscrapers, two inclines, a pre-revolutionary fortification and the Point State Park at the confluence of the rivers.
The city developed as a vital link of the Atlantic coast and Midwest.
The French and Indian War, the North American front of the Seven Years' War, began with the future Pittsburgh as its center.
British General Edward Braddock was dispatched with Major George Washington as his aide to take Fort Duquesne.
The British and colonial force were defeated at Braddock's Field.
The mineral-rich Allegheny Mountains made the area coveted by the French and British empires, Virginia, Whiskey Rebels, and Civil War raiders.
America's 1980s deindustrialization laid off area blue-collar workers and thousands of downtown white-collar workers when the longtime Pittsburgh-based world headquarters of Gulf Oil, Sunbeam, Rockwell and Westinghouse moved out.
Google, Apple, Bosch, Facebook, Uber, Nokia, Autodesk, and IBM are among 1,600 technology firms generating .7 billion in annual Pittsburgh payrolls.
The area has served also as the long-time federal agency headquarters for cyber defense, software engineering, robotics, energy research and the nuclear navy. Pittsburgh was named in 1758 by General John Forbes, in honor of British statesman William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham.