Elements of unity for Western and Central Europe were Roman Catholicism and Latin.
He explained that between the 11th and 15th centuries not only Christianization and its cultural consequences were implemented, but well-defined social features emerged in Central Europe based on Western characteristics.
The keyword of Western social development after millennium was the spread of liberties and autonomies in Western Europe.
These phenomena appeared in the middle of the 13th century in Central European countries.
There were self-governments of towns, counties and parliaments.
Before 1870, the industrialization that had developed in Western and Central Europe and the United States did not extend in any significant way to the rest of the world.
Even in Eastern Europe, industrialization lagged far behind.
Russia, for example, remained largely rural and agricultural, and its autocratic rulers kept the peasants in serfdom.
but its real life began in the 20th century and immediately became an object of intensive interest.
However, the very first concept mixed science, politics and economy – it was strictly connected with intensively growing German economy and its aspirations to dominate a part of European continent called Mitteleuropa.